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threatened and/or endangered species detail

Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus


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credit: Mdf/CCSA

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Migration Info During winter, this flycatcher is most common in coastal Central America. On the Pacific slope, it prefers wooded ravines, while on the Caribbean side it is more often encountered in dense brush and wooded edge habitats. For a flycatcher, it migrates north relatively early, reaching its breeding areas in the northeastern states in late April. This early movement may in part be a result of this flycatcher's ability to subsist on relatively small insects, but may also be related to the extreme degree of territoriality it demonstrates on the breeding grounds. While most songbirds molt before leaving the breeding area, Least Flycatchers molt after migrating south in the fall. This delay in molting may help them reach their winter habitat and establish territories more quickly.

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