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House Wren Troglodytes aedon


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House Wren
credit: Calibas/CCSA

© Lang Elliot/ (audio)

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Family: Troglodytidae, Wrens view all from this family

Description ADULT Has brown plumage overall, darkest on upperparts with barring on wings and tail. Face and throat are buffy, and otherwise mostly pale buff underparts show rufous wash and barring on flanks. JUVENILE Similar to adult, but averages more rufous above with scaly appearance to paler face and throat.

Dimensions Length: 4 1/2 -5 1/4" (11-13 cm)

Habitat Widespread and common summer visitor (mainly May-Aug) favoring gardens, woodland, and scrub, across northern part of its range. Winters from southeastern U.S. to Mexico.

Observation Tips Often first detected by song or call.

Range Western Canada, Northwest, Mid-Atlantic, Southeast, Rocky Mountains, Great Lakes, California, Texas, Plains, New England, Eastern Canada, Florida, Southwest

Voice Song is an accelerating series of sweet, raspy trilling notes, ending in a flourish; call is a raspy tche-tche.

Discussion Tiny bird with typical wren proportions: rounded body and short wings. Tail is often cocked straight-up. Has a needlelike bill and relatively short legs. Forages in vegetation for insects and spiders. Nests in tree holes, but readily uses nest boxes and cavities and crevices in buildings. Sexes are similar, but regional subspecies variation exists; eastern ssp. aedon is described here.