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Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri


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Black-chinned Hummingbird, male
credit: Mdf/CCSA

© Lang Elliot/ (audio)

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Family: Trochilidae, Hummingbirds view all from this family

Description ADULT MALE Has metallic yellowish green upperparts. Hood usually appears uniformly dark, but in good light crown shows dark metallic green feathering while throat is sooty black; just occasionally, lower margin of throat catches the light and shines metallic violet. Underparts are pale, whitest on upper chest, and flushed with yellowish green feathering on flanks. Tail is uniformly dark. ADULT FEMALE Dull metallic yellowish green on upperparts except for cap, which is dull greenish gray. Underparts are grubby whitish and tail has striking white tips on outer two feathers (and small white tip to outer third). JUVENILE Similar to adult female; some immature males begin to acquire a darker crown and throat in fall.

Dimensions Length: 3 1/4-3 3/4" (8-10 cm)

Habitat Widespread and fairly common summer visitor to western U.S. Favors a wide range of habitats from wellvegetated desert areas, lower mountain slopes, orchards, and larger gardens.

Observation Tips Easiest to observe at feeders.

Range Western Canada, California, Southeast, Plains, Southwest, Rocky Mountains, Texas, Northwest

Voice Utters a range of high-pitched squeaks and a soft tchu call.

Discussion Has a comparatively long bill by the standards of other similarly sized hummingbirds. Male is arguably the least colorful of North America's hummingbirds. Sexes are dissimilar.