Skip Navigation

Species Search:
FieldGuidesthreatened and/or endangered search resultsthreatened and/or endangered

previous  | next

Pine Siskin Carduelis pinus


enlarge +

Pine Siskin
credit: Cephas/CCSA

© Lang Elliot/ (audio)

All Images


Get Our Newsletters


Advanced Search

Family: Fringillidae, Finches view all from this family

Description ADULT MALE Brown overall and heavily streaked above, its whitish underparts also heavily streaked; some birds have yellow-washed underparts. Wings have two wing bars, upper one narrow and white, lower one broad and tinged yellow; edges of flight feathers are variably yellow (obvious in flight and when perched). ADULT FEMALE Similar to plain-colored male; yellow elements of wing feathering are much less intense than the brighter males. JUVENILE Similar to adult female, but plumage is washed buff-yellow overall.

Dimensions Length: 4 1/2-5" (11-13 cm)

Habitat Common in coniferous and deciduous forests; found year-round in parts of range, but northern breeders move south for winter and wander, often visiting parks and gardens.

Observation Tips Attract it to your garden using seed feeders.

Range Texas, Plains, Mid-Atlantic, Rocky Mountains, California, New England, Western Canada, Alaska, Southwest, Great Lakes, Southeast, Florida, Northwest, Eastern Canada

Voice Song is a mix of chattering trills and wheezy whistles; call is a buzzing zhreee.

Discussion Small finch with a slender, dainty bill. Feeds primarily on seeds; those of birch, alder, and spruce are favored. Forms roving flocks in winter and visits bird feeders. Sexes are dissimilar.