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Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator


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Pine Grosbeak, male
credit: Cephas/CCSA

© Lang Elliot/ (audio)

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Family: Fringillidae, Finches view all from this family

Description ADULT MALE Has pinkish red plumage overall with varying amounts of gray on flanks and belly. Tail is dark and blackish wings have two striking white wing bars. ADULT FEMALE Shares male's dark tail and blackish wings with two white wing bars, but plumage is otherwise mostly grayish with varying amounts of olive-yellow on head, back, and rump. JUVENILE Brown overall, with pale wing bars. First-year birds are similar to adult female.

Dimensions Length: 8-10" (20-25 cm)

Habitat Local in coniferous forests; wanders and partly migratory outside breeding season.

Observation Tips Usually found in small numbers.

Range Plains, Western Canada, New England, Rocky Mountains, Great Lakes, California, Eastern Canada, Southwest, Northwest, Mid-Atlantic, Alaska

Voice Song comprises far-carrying, whistled phrases, such as p'wee-wee, p'wee-wee, p'wee-wee÷; call is a whistled piew.

Discussion Plump-bodied finch with a stout, stubby bill. Sometimes forms small flocks outside breeding season, but often seen in ones and twos. Feeds on buds, seeds, and fruits. Typically, indifferent to observers allowing great views. In all birds, eye is emphasized by dark eyeline and subtle pale, elongate "eyelids." Sexes are dissimilar.