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Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula


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Baltimore Oriole, male
credit: Mdf/CCSA

© Lang Elliot/ (audio)

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Family: Icteridae, Blackbirds and Orioles view all from this family

Description ADULT MALE Has black hood and back, and orange "shoulders" and underparts. Dark wings have white wing bar and white edges to flight feathers. Rump is orange and tail is orange overall with dark base and midline. ADULT FEMALE Similar, but hood and back are variably mottled dark olive-brown, and "shoulder" stripe is white; rump and tail are dull orange-buff. IMMATURE Recalls adult female, but male is richer orange on breast and undertail coverts; female is much paler overall, especially on belly.

Dimensions Length: 7-8 1/2" (18-22 cm)

Habitat Common summer visitor (mainly May-Aug) to deciduous woodlands. Winters mainly in Central and South America; a few linger in southeastern U.S.

Observation Tips Easy to see in suitable wooded habitats.

Range Plains, Great Lakes, Mid-Atlantic, Eastern Canada, Southeast, Texas, New England, Western Canada, Rocky Mountains, Florida

Voice Song is a whistling chewdi-chewdi-chew-chew-che, uttered as though bird is losing enthusiasm; call is a rattle.

Discussion Colorful woodland bird. Bill is slender, pointed, and gray. Sexes are dissimilar.