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Skipjack Tuna Katsuwonus pelamis (Euthynnus pelamis)

 

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Skipjack Tuna
credit: NOAA

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Family: Scombridae, Mackerels view all from this family



Description The skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, is a medium-sized perciform fish in the tuna family, Scombridae. It is otherwise known as the aku, arctic bonito, mushmouth, oceanic bonito, striped tuna, or victor fish. It grows up to 1 m (3 ft) in length.

It is a streamlined, fast-swimming pelagic fish, common in tropical waters throughout the world, where it inhabits surface waters in large shoals (up to 50,000 fish), feeding on fish, crustaceans, cephalopods and mollusks. It is an important prey species for large pelagic fishes and sharks.

It is an important commercial and game fish, usually caught using purse seine nets, and is sold fresh, frozen, canned, dried, salted, and smoked.

Skipjack is the most fecund of the main commercial tunas, and its population is considered sustainable against its current consumption. Its fishing is still controversial due to the methodology; with rod and reel or fishery options being promoted as ecologically preferable.

Countries recording large amounts of skipjack catches include the Maldives, France, Spain, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia.

Skipjack is considered to have "moderate" mercury contamination. As a result, pregnant women are advised against eating large quantities.


Dimensions Up to 3'3" (1 m); 50 lbs (22.7 kg).


Habitat Open ocean.


Range New England, Mid-Atlantic, Southeast, Florida, California, Northwest, Eastern Canada, Western Canada.


 

 

 

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