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California Yellowtail Seriola dorsalis (Seriola lalandei)


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California Yellowtail
credit: A. R. Mc Culloch

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Family: Carangidae, Jacks view all from this family

Description The yellowtail amberjack or great amberjack, Seriola lalandi, is a large fish found in the Pacific and Indian oceans. It can be divided into three sub-species: The California yellowtail, Seriola lalandi dorsalis, the southern yellowtail, or in New Zealand and Australia the yellowtail kingfish or kingfish , Seriola lalandi lalandi, and the Asian yellowtail, Seriola lalandi aureovitta.

The California Yellowtail is carnivorous and feeds on a variety of fish. Mackerel, sardines, anchovies, squid, and crab are common in the yellowtail's diet. Often, the California Yellowtail are found in schools feeding at the surface of the water, as well as deeper down. The California Yellowtail are often confused with some tuna species such as Yellowfin, Bluefin, Bonito, and Skipjack tuna. This species prefers a water temperature of 21–22° C (70–72° F), though have also been found in waters between 18–24° C (64–75° F). Temperatures cooler than 18° would make the Yellowtail sink into deeper waters to conserve energy.

Dimensions Up to 5' (1.5 m); 111 lbs (50.3 kg).

Habitat Ocean or bay shallows.

Range California, Northwest, Western Canada.