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Mozambique Tilapia Tilapia mossambica


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Mozambique Tilapia
credit: Greg5030/CCSA

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Family: Cichlidae, Cichlids view all from this family

Description The Mozambique tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus, is a tilapiine cichlid fish native to southern Africa. It is a popular fish for aquaculture. It is now found in tropical and subtropical habitats around the globe, where it can become an invasive species.

The Mozambique tilapia is native to coastal regions and the lower reaches of rivers in southern Africa, from the Zambezi River delta to Bushman River in the eastern Cape. It is threatened in its home range by competition with the invasive Nile tilapia (Waal 2002).

Mozambique tilapia are omnivorous. They can consume detrital material, diatoms, invertebrates, small fry and vegetation ranging from macroalgae to rooted plants (Mook 1983, Trewevas 1983). This broad diet helps the species thrive in diverse locations.

Dimensions Up to 15" (38 cm).

Habitat Estuaries, tidal flats & salt marshes, Lakes & ponds, Rivers & streams.

Range Southeast, Southwest, Florida, Texas, California.