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Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus


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Rufous Hummingbird, male
credit: Dean E. Biggins

© Lang Elliot/ (audio)

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Family: Trochilidae, Hummingbirds view all from this family

Description Adult male is mainly rufous with variable green feathering; note pale chest band and shining orange-red gorget seen at certain angles; in most light, throat looks dark. Adult female has green upperparts and mainly pale underparts, with rufous on flanks and spots on throat (central red spot seen at certain angles). Juvenile resembles adult female; male soon acquires adult characters.

Dimensions Length: 3 1/2-4" (9-10 cm)

Range Southeast, Plains, California, Western Canada, Florida, Alaska, Southwest, Rocky Mountains, Northwest, Texas

Voice Call is a sharp tiktik.

Discussion Colorful hummingbird that breeds in West (outside range of this book). Winters mainly in Mexico, but in small numbers on U.S. Gulf Coast.