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Lanceleaf Coreopsis Coreopsis lanceolata

 

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Lanceleaf Coreopsis
credit: KENPEI/CCSA

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Alternate name: Lanceleaf Tickseed

Family: Asteraceae, Aster view all from this family



Description Native herbaceous perennial; self-seeds freely to form large colonies.
Habit: clump-forming; slender, erect stems branch at base.
Height: 4-24 in (10-60 cm) or more.
Leaf: bright green, fine; in basal rosette, strap-like; on stem, fewer, opposite, may be lobed, mostly near the base; evergreen or semi-evergreen in some climates.
Flower: daisy-like, terminal, 1-3 in (25-75 mm) wide; 8 wide rays, lemon yellow to gold, raggedly toothed, around a grainy, yellow to orange, button-shaped disc, 3/8-3/4 in (8-20 mm) wide.
Fruit: dry seed, on thin flat wings, 1/8 in (3 mm) long.


Flower Mar-Aug.


Flower April - June (in south); July - August (in north)


Habitat Open sites with good drainage and rocky or sandy soil: dunes, dry woods, meadows, prairies, ditches, roadsides, old fields, disturbed sites; also widely cultivated as an ornamental.


Range Native to the Southeast, Midwest, and central U.S,; now naturalized in the Northeast and some Plains states: Maine to Florida, west to New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, Minnesota, and Ontario; British Columbia to California; and Hawaii.


Discussion Also known as: tickseed, lanceleaf tickseed, long-stalk tickseed, sand tickseed, sand coreopsis. This plant is widely cultivated as an ornamental, many varieties and hybrids exist. The entire genus Coreopsis is the State Wildflower of Florida. A southern species, Greater Tickseed (C. major), 2-3' (60-90 cm) tall, has sunflower-like flower heads 1-2" (2.5-5 cm) wide and opposite leaves deeply segmented into 3 parts, appearing as a whorl of 6. Nearly a dozen other perennial yellow-flowered Coreopsis species occur in the East.


Comments Lance-leaved coreopsis is drought tolerant and easy to grow. It is the most common coreopsis of the North American prairies. This plant is not reliably perennial but self-sows readily and can become weedy.


Exposure Preference Sun to partial sun.


Native Distribution Florida to e. Texas & n. New Mexico, n. to Virginia, Ontario, Michigan, Wisconsin, Missouri & Colorado; naturalized in n.e. states


Site Preference Prairies; open fields; sandy woods; roadsides


Soil Preference Sandy, gravelly soils.


 

 

 

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