Skip Navigation

Species Search:
FieldGuidesthreatened and/or endangered search resultsthreatened and/or endangered

previous  | next

Dwarf Ginseng Panax trifolius


enlarge +

Dwarf Ginseng
credit: Gary Kauffman, USDA Forest Service

All Images


Get Our Newsletters


Advanced Search

Family: Araliaceae, Ginseng view all from this family

Description Native perennial forb. Habit: erect, 4-8 inch height. Leaf: palmate, single whorl of 3 to 5 leaflets; attached directly to the plant stem. Flowers: spherical dull white umbel, fades to pink. Fruit: yellow, clustered berries in July to August. Rounded, edible roots.

Flower April to June.

Habitat Moist woods, damp clearings, bottomlands.

Range Northeastern U.S. and Canada, from Ontario east to Nova Scotia, south to Georgia and northwest to Kentucky, Indiana, and Minnesota. (Not reported in South Carolina.).

Discussion This plant looks like a small version of American ginseng (P. quinquefolius), but can be distinguished by its sessile leaflets (usually three) versus the five stalked leaflets of American ginseng. Also known as groundnut.