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Common Bellflower Campanula rapunculoides


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Common Bellflower
credit: Anneli Salo/CCSA

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Alternate name: Garden Bellflower, Creeping Bellflower

Family: Campanulaceae, Bellflower view all from this family

Description This invasive weed has attractive bell-shaped, blue-violet flowers.
Habit: introduced perennial herb; usually unbranched; spreads by rhizome, may form dense patches.
Height: 16-40 in (0.4-1 m).
Leaf: alternate, lanceolate to ovate to heart-shaped, pointed, finely toothed, 3-6 in (7.5-15 cm) long, 0.8-2 in (2-5 cm) wide; long-stalked below, becoming fewer, smaller, stalkless above.
Flower: pale blue to blue-violet to lavender, bell-shaped, nodding, 5-parted, 0.6-1.5 in (15-38 mm) long; held in long cluster, to 12 in (30 cm) long, along one side of stem.
Fruit: spherical capsule, nodding, 0.3 in (8 mm) diameter

June to October.

Habitat Roadsides, fields, lawns, disturbed sites; sometimes cultivated as an ornamental.

Range Native to Europe; introduced as a garden ornamental, escaped from cultivation, now naturalized throughout northern and central North America, from Quebec south to North Carolina, west to Tennessee to Nevada, north to British Columbia; also found in Alaska, New Mexico, and Texas.

Discussion Also known as creeping bellflower, rampion bellflower, rover bellflower, European bellflower, rampion harebell, false rampion. Considered weedy or invasive in most areas.