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Green Crab Carcinus maenas

 

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Green Crab
credit: Hans Hillewaert/CCSA

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Category: Crabs and Shrimp view all from this category



Description Carcinus maenas is a common littoral crab, and an important invasive species, listed among the 100 "world's worst alien invasive species". It is native to the north-east Atlantic Ocean and Baltic Sea, but has colonised similar habitats in Australia, South Africa, South America and both Atlantic and Pacific coasts of North America. It grows to a carapace width of 90 millimetres (3.5 in), and feeds on a variety of molluscs, worms and small crustaceans, potentially impacting a number of fisheries. Its successful dispersion has occurred via a variety of mechanisms, such as on ships' hulls, packing materials, bivalves moved for aquaculture, and rafting.
C. maenas is known by different names around the world. In the British Isles, it is generally referred to simply as the shore crab. In North America and South Africa, it bears the name green crab or European green crab. In Australia and New Zealand, it is referred to as either the European green crab or European shore crab.


Habitat Rocks, Piers, driftwood & pilings, Mud flats, Salt marshes & estuaries, Tidepools.


Range Eastern Canada, New England, Mid-Atlantic.


 

 

 

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