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Coachella Valley Fringe-toed Lizard Uma inornata


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Coachella Valley Fringe-toed Lizard
© William Radke/U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service

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Family: Phrynosomatidae, Earless and Horned Lizards view all from this family

Description Granular scales cover body. Grayish-white with dark spots. Diagonal lines on throat. During breeding season sides become pink. Small black spots on belly.

Dimensions 12.7-17.9cm. (5-7")

Endangered Status The Coachella Valley Fringe-toed Lizard is on the U.S. Endangered Species List. It is classified as threatened in California. This lizard has suffered because of the degradation of its habitat, which consists of sand dunes with loose, wind-blown sand. At Coachella Valley Preserve, croplands and vineyards are being reclaimed, and sand dunes are being constructed in order to provide habitat for the fringe-toed lizard. It is not known yet whether these artificially created dunes will be successful and prevent the extinction of this lizard.

Breeding Multiple clutches laid in spring-summer. 2-4 eggs per clutch.

Habitat Fine, windblown sand deposits in the sandy plains.

Range Coachella Valley, California.

Discussion Diurnal. Insects, small lizards and tree blossoms comprise main dire. Sleep under sand and shrubs to hide from predators.