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Eastern Fence Lizard Sceloporus undulatus


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Eastern Fence Lizard, Southern subspecies
credit: Daniel Schwen

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Alternate name: Prairie Lizard, Plateau Lizard

Family: Phrynosomatidae, Earless and Horned Lizards view all from this family

Description Gray/brown/reddish brown, depending on location. Crossbars on back. Blue patches on belly and throat of males.

Dimensions 9-19cm. (3 1/2-7 1/2")

Subspecies Southern Fence Lizard - back has wavy crossbars. South Carolina, Florida and Louisiana.
Souther Prairie Lizard - light dorsolateral stripes. Arizona to Oklahoma, Texas and Mexico.
White Sands Prairie Lizard - patternless on back. New Mexico.
Northern Plateau Lizard - back has crossbars and belly & throat have blue patches. Wyoming, Arizona, New Mexico.
Red-lipped Plateau Lizard - Blue patches. Orange lips in breeding season. New Mexico, Oklahoma to Colorado and Wycoming.
Northern Prairie Lizard - absent throat stripes. No belly patches on females. Wyoming, South Dakota, colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma to Texas panhandle.
Northern Fence Lizard - Kansas, New Jersey, South Carolina, Texas to Oklahoma.
Southern Plateau Lizard - Light dorsolateral stripes. Belly and throat patches blue. Arizona to New Mexico.

Breeding Breeds April-August. lays eggs June-September. Those in first breeding year lay i clutch of 3-13 eggs. Older females 2-4 clutches. Hatch june-September.

Habitat Sunny areas with rotting logs and open woodland.

Range Delawere through Florida, New Mexico to Arizona.

Discussion Diurnal. Always near trees in order to flee capture. Terrestrial in prairie states, hides under bushes and in burrows. Eats most insects including spiders, centipedes and snails but beetles in particular.