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Florida Woodrat Neotoma floridana


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Alternate name: Eastern Woodrat, Packrat

Family: Muridae, Mice and Rats view all from this family

Description A medium-sized woodrat, grayish-brown dorsally and white ventrally. Differs from Allegheny Woodrat primarily in having a skull with a maxillo_vomerine notch, and by geographic range. Worn summer pelage may appear cinnamon-orange. Head becomes grizzled in older animals.

Dimensions 305-450mm, 130-180mm, 220-385g; / 300-400mm, 130-170mm, 175-260g

Endangered Status The Key Largo Woodrat, a subspecies of the Florida Woodrat, is on the U.S. Endangered Species List. It is classified as endangered in Florida, where it lives in Key Largo. This rodent resides in a special south Florida habitat called a tropical hardwood hammock. The destruction and modification of these habitats to make way for residential development is the main cause of the woodrat's decline. Development in the Florida Keys continues to threaten this subspecies.

Similar Species Larger than Mexican Woodrat, with throat and breast hair that is white to base. Paler in color than Southern Plains Woodrat.

Habitat Canyons & caves, Alpine & subalpine habitats, Forests & woodlands

Range Plains, Great Lakes, Mid-Atlantic, Rocky Mountains, Southeast, Florida, Texas

Discussion Also known as Eastern Woodrat. Dens constructed of sticks, often around large rock or log. Key Largo subspecies, N. f. smalli, is Endangered. Found primarily in wooded areas, but also in hedgerows and rocky outcrops in grasslands.