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Sika Deer Cervus nippon


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Sika Deer, male
credit: James P. Henley Jr/CCSA

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Family: Cervidae, Deer view all from this family

Description This compact deer has a distinctive wedge-shaped head. Dark brown with a variable amount of white spotting that is absent in some animals. Texas populations are especially variable due to extensive hybridization. There is a white rump patch that is most visible when the animal is alerted. The male’s antlers have three or four points branching off each main beam; the female has a corresponding pair of black bumps on the forehead.

Dimensions 1.0-1.5m, 7-13cm, 68-109kg; / 45-50kg

Habitat Beaches, shorelines & estuaries, Forests & woodlands

Range Plains, Great Lakes, Mid-Atlantic, Texas

Discussion A small deer from east Asia with introduced feral populations surviving in Texas and Maryland. Browses and grazes in a variety of woodlands.