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Bobcat Lynx rufus (Felis rufus)


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credit:  Bill Wight, Rancho Cucamonga, CA USA/CCSA

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Family: Felidae, Cats view all from this family

Description North America’s most abundant spotted cat, with a tail tip that is black above and white below. Spots may be inconspicuous. Tail is relatively longer than in the Canadian Lynx. Coat color varies from yellowish to reddish brown and is marked with dark brown or black streaks and spots. Underparts are white and spotted. Ears have short (less than 2.5cm) black tufts and a white spot on the back. Occurs in almost every habitat within range.

Dimensions 48-125cm, 11-20cm, 7.2-31.0kg; / 61-122cm, 9-17cm, 4-24kg

Breeding Litters average 3, born after a gestation period of 62 days. Dens are located on rocky outcrops, in brush piles, hollow logs, caves, fallen trees, and dense bushes.

Habitat Alpine & subalpine habitats, Canyons & caves, Forests & woodlands, Scrub, shrub & brushlands, Swamps, marshes & bogs

Range Plains, Great Lakes, New England, Mid-Atlantic, Rocky Mountains, Southeast, Southwest, Florida, Texas, California, Northwest, Eastern Canada, Western Canada

Discussion Primarily a nocturnal hunter of rabbits, and other small prey, Bobcats may be active at any time of day, and are capable of taking a wide range of prey from mice to deer. Territories are marked with exposed feces, urine deposits, and scrapes made with the hind feet.