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threatened and/or endangered

Red Chokeberry Photinia pyrifolia (Aronia arbutifolia, Pyrus arbutifolia)


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Red Chokeberry, showing flowers
credit: Randy Newman, North Carolina State Parks

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Family: Rosaceae, Rose view all from this family

Description Flowering: March-May
Field Marks: This species differs from other chokeberries by its bright red fruits, its red, gland-tipped teeth of the leaves, and its usually densely hairy lower leaf surface.
Habitat: Swamps, bogs, along streams, moist thickets, wet prairies, low pinewoods, seepage slopes.
Habit: Shrub up to 12 feet tall, spreading by underground runners, often forming colonies.
Stems: Rather slender, densely hairy, particularly when young.
Leaves: Alternate, simple, oval to elliptic, usually rounded at the tip, tapering to the base, finely toothed with red-tipped glandular teeth, densely hairy on the lower surface, up to 4 inches long, up to 2 inches wide.
Flowers: Several in round-topped clusters, each flower white, up to 1/2 inch long; buds of flowers pink.
Sepals: 5, green, forming a short tube, the lobes glandular.
Petals: 5, white at maturity, free from each other, rounded at the tip.
Stamens: 15-20, usually with pink anthers.
Pistils: Ovary inferior; styles 5, united basally.
Fruits: Bright red, spherical, up to 1/4-1/3 inch in diameter, persisting throughout much of the winter.

Habitat Swamps (fresh & salt), Scrub, shrub & brushlands.

Range Florida, New England, Texas, Southeast, Eastern Canada, Mid-Atlantic, Plains.