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threatened and/or endangered

Eastern Mole Scalopus aquaticus


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Eastern Mole
credit: Kenneth Catania

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Family: Talpidae, Moles view all from this family

Description Tail is longer and less hairy than other moles in its range. Foretoes have webbing between them, hence the name “aquaticus.” Although they can swim, they are not aquatic. Three upper and lower premolars on each side. No external ears, and the eyes are completely covered with skin. Northern animals are larger and dark colored; southern animals are golden or silvery colored. Males tend to be larger than females in all areas.

Dimensions 103-208mm, 16-38mm, 40-140g; / 129-168mm, 20-28mm, 32-90g

Habitat Cities, suburbs & towns, Meadows & fields, Scrub, shrub & brushlands, Grasslands & prairies, Forests & woodlands

Range Plains, Great Lakes, New England, Mid-Atlantic, Rocky Mountains, Southeast, Florida, Texas

Discussion Active year-round, and feeds on a variety of invertebrates including earthworms and ant larvae. About 99% of their time is spent underground, in tunnels and associated chambers. Construction of roads and golf courses has provided quality soils and increased moisture, allowing spread of Eastern Moles in some areas. Both surface and deeper tunnels are constructed in moist, loamy soils throughout eastern North America.