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Texas Toad Bufo speciosus

   

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Texas Toad
credit: Dawson

© Lang Elliot/Naturesound.com (audio)

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Family: Bufonidae, Toads view all from this family



Description Plump. Grayish/brown to olive. Green warts. Vocal sac covered by skin flap.


Dimensions 5.1-9.2cm. (2-3 5/8")


Warning Toads have enlarged glands (called the paratoid glands) on the side of the neck, one behind each eye. These glands secrete a viscous white poison that gets smeared in the mouth of any would-be predator, inflaming the mouth and throat and causing nausea, irregular heart beat, and, in extreme cases, death. Toads pose a danger to pets, which may pounce on and bite them. Humans should take care to wash their hands after handling a toad, and to avoid touching the mouth or eyes until having done so.


Voice Trill. High-pitched.


Breeding April-September. After rainfall in temporary pools, ditches and waterholes.


Habitat Woodland, prairie grassland.


Range Texas. Also Oklahoma, New Mexico into Mexico.


Discussion Nocturnal. Burrows underground. Flattens against the ground when threatened.


 

 

 

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