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threatened and/or endangered

Spotted Salamander Ambystoma maculatum


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Spotted Salamander
credit: Tom Tyning

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Family: Ambystomidae, Mole Salamanders view all from this family

Description Long but stout. Black to dark brown/gray with 2 rows of yellowish/orange spots from head to tail.

Dimensions 15-25cm. (6- 9 3/4")

Breeding Breeds March through April in the North, January-February in the Great Smokies, December-February in the South. 100 eggs in a clutch, attached to submerged plants. Transforms after 2 months.

Habitat Forests on hillsides near pools and flooded areas near water since it is needed for breeding.

Range Ontario though to Nova Scotia towards Georgia and Texas.

Discussion Known for being underground. Shares breeding ground with other species such as the Marbled Salamander. Variety of defences including poison, hiding under debris and logs.Can drop their tails to distract a predator. If a part of the head, limbs or tail is dismembered it can grow it back, though this takes a lot of energy. At the back of the head they have glands which release a white toxic liquid. Eats small invertebrates including crickets, worms and insects.