Family: Bufonidae, Toads view all from this family
Description Stripe on middle of back. Cranial crests prominent. Brown/green or yellow with dark spots. Pointed snout.
Dimensions 6-12cm. (2 1/2-5")
Warning Toads have enlarged glands (called the paratoid glands) on the side of the neck, one behind each eye. These glands secrete a viscous white poison that gets smeared in the mouth of any would-be predator, inflaming the mouth and throat and causing nausea, irregular heart beat, and, in extreme cases, death. Toads pose a danger to pets, which may pounce on and bite them. Humans should take care to wash their hands after handling a toad, and to avoid touching the mouth or eyes until having done so.
Subspecies Woodhouse's- Spotted back. Montana through North Dakota, Texas, Idaho Rocky Mountains and California.
Southwestern - Spotted back & chest. Stripe doesn't each mouth. Colorado through New Mexico, Arizona, Mexico along Rio Grande into Texas, also Mexico.
East Texas - Dark back. Texas.
Voice similar to bleat of sheep. 1-3 seconds long.
Breeding March-August. Attached to underwater vegetation.
Habitat River bottoms, marshes, ditches, rain pools, ponds.
Range United States into Mexico.
Discussion Nocturnal. Hides under vegetation or in its burrow, or burrows of mice. Hybridises with the American toad when their ranges cross.