Skip Navigation

Species Search:
threatened and/or endangered

Southern Toad Bufo terrestris


enlarge +

Southern Toad
credit: Aurelius787

© Lang Elliot/ (audio)

All Images


Get Our Newsletters


Advanced Search

Family: Bufonidae, Toads view all from this family

Description Plump, knobbly cranial crests. Black or reddish-brown. Dark dpotting around warts. Dark throat on male.

Dimensions 4.1-11.3cm. (1 5/8-4 1/2")

Warning Toads have enlarged glands (called the paratoid glands) on the side of the neck, one behind each eye. These glands secrete a viscous white poison that gets smeared in the mouth of any would-be predator, inflaming the mouth and throat and causing nausea, irregular heart beat, and, in extreme cases, death. Toads pose a danger to pets, which may pounce on and bite them. Humans should take care to wash their hands after handling a toad, and to avoid touching the mouth or eyes until having done so.

Voice High pitched, piercing trill.

Breeding March-October. After rainfall in flooded meadows or temporary ponds and pools.

Habitat Scrub oak near sandy soil.

Range Louisiana to se. North Carolina.

Discussion Nocturnal, emerging from its ground burrow around twilight to forage for insects. It spends daylight hours sleeping in its burrow. Eats any insect it can fit in its mouth.