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threatened and/or endangered

Oak Toad Bufo quercicus


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Oak Toad
credit: Svdmolen

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Family: Bufonidae, Toads view all from this family

Description Light orange/yellow mid-dorsal stripe. Spotted brown/black. Large parotoid glands. Dark throat on male.

Dimensions 1.9-3.3cm. (3/4-1 1/4")

Warning Toads have enlarged glands (called the paratoid glands) on the side of the neck, one behind each eye. These glands secrete a viscous white poison that gets smeared in the mouth of any would-be predator, inflaming the mouth and throat and causing nausea, irregular heart beat, and, in extreme cases, death. Toads pose a danger to pets, which may pounce on and bite them. Humans should take care to wash their hands after handling a toad, and to avoid touching the mouth or eyes until having done so.

Voice High pitched whistle. Similar to bird or chick.

Breeding April-October. After warm thunderstorms.

Habitat Temperate forests, temperate shrubland, intermittent freshwater lakes, intermittent freshwater marshes, arable land, pastureland, ponds, irrigated land, and canals and ditches.

Range Virginia to Louisiana coastal plain.

Discussion Carnivorous. Nocturnal. Hard to spot due to camouflage skin. Seen during breeding choruses.