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Eastern Sweetshrub Calycanthus floridus

 

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Eastern Sweetshrub
© Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

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Alternate name: Carolina Allspice

Family: Calycanthaceae, Spicebush view all from this family



Description Eastern Sweetshrub or Carolina Allspice is a 6-12 ft., deciduous shrub with glossy, aromatic, leathery, dark-green foliage. Its with erect, multiple stems create a rounded outline. Terminal blossoms are solitary and dark red with numerous overlapping, strap-like petals. Flower are often quite fragrant. Leaves become yellow in fall but are usually not effective.


Warning Animals have been poisoned by a toxic agent in the seeds. Humans should avoiding ingesting plants that are toxic to animals.


Habitat Wood openings and edges; stream banks; moist hillsides.


Range S.e. Pennsylvania to s.e. Kentucky, generally south to Florida Panhandle and Louisiana.


Discussion Calycanthus floridus is very resistant to disease and insect problems. It has a prolific suckering habit, adapts to many soils and grows taller in shaded places.


Comments Calycanthus floridus is very resistant to disease and insect problems. It has a prolific suckering habit, adapts to many soils and grows taller in shaded places. Transplanting nursery stock is tricky. Pamper after planting until new growth starts.


Exposure Preference Shade to sun.


Flower April - July


Native Distribution S.e. Pennsylvania to s.e. Kentucky, generally s. to Florida Panhandle & Louisiana


Site Preference Wood openings & edges; stream banks; moist hillsides


Soil Preference Moist, deep loams. pH adaptable.


Wildlife Value Low.


 

 

 

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