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Canary Island Date Phoenix canariensis


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Alternate name: Canary Island Date Palm

Family: Arecaceae, Palm view all from this family

Description Large imposing, solitary palm, 10-40 m. tall. Leaves pinnate, 4–6 m. long, with 80-100 leaflets on each side of the central rachis. Genus unique among members of the subfamily Coryphoideae, being the only one with pinnate, rather than palmate leaves. Dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants; pollination is by both wind and insect. Flowers inconspicuous yellowish-brown and about 1 cm. wide, grouped on conspicuous large multi-branched panicles 30–90 cm. long. Inflorescence emerges from a usually boat-shaped, leathery bract, forming large, pendent clusters. Fruit develops from one carpel as a drupe, 1–7 cm. long, yellow to red-brown or dark purple when mature, with one elongate, deeply-grooved seed; fruit pulp edible but too thin to be worth eating.

Dimensions Height: 15 m. (50 ft.)
Diameter: 0.6-0.9 m. (2-3 ft.).

Habitat Cities, suburbs & towns.

Range Florida, Texas, Southwest, California.

Discussion Native to the Canary Islands; a relative of Phoenix dactylifera, the true date palm. Widely known as the Pineapple Palm. Recognized through its crown of leaves and trunk characteristics. When pruned properly, the bottom of the crown, also called the nut, appears to have a pineapple shape. It's not uncommon to see Canary Island Date palms, pruned and trimmed to enhance the appearance.