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Fraser Fir Abies fraseri


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Family: Pinaceae, Pine view all from this family

Description Aromatic evergreen native coniferous tree. Crown conical. Branches straight, horizontal to angled upward from trunk; dense, opening with age. Bark thin, smooth, gray-brown with numerous resin blisters on young trees, fissured, scaly with age. Foliage strongly turpentine-scented. Leaves needle-like, arranged spirally on twigs, twisted at base to spread in two rows; 10–23 mm. long and 2–2.2 mm. broad, flat, flexible with a rounded or slightly notched tip, dark green to glaucous green above, often with a small patch of stomata near the tip, and with two silvery white stomatal bands on the underside. Cones erect, cylindric, 3.5-7 cm. long and 2.5–3 cm. broad, dark purple, turning light brown when mature. Bract scales long reflexed green, yellow or pale purple, often resinous. Cones disintegrate at 4–6 months old to release the winged seeds.

Dimensions Height: 9-15 m. (30-50 ft.)
Diameter: 0.3-0.6 m. (1-2 ft.).

Habitat Mountains.

Range Mid-Atlantic, Southeast.

Discussion Widely used as Christmas trees. Fragrance, shape, strong limbs, and ability to retain its soft needles for a long time when cut make it one of the best trees for this purpose. Has been used more times as the Blue Room Christmas tree than any other type of tree. Named after Scottish botanist John Fraser (1750–1811), who made numerous botanical collections in the region.