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Foxtail Pine Pinus balfouriana


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Family: Pinaceae, Pine view all from this family

Description Relatively low-growing conifer, a shrub at timberline. Straight trunk, rarely krummholz. Branches short, thick, frequently extending to ground. Bark thick, light gray turning reddish brown. Needles 5 per bundle; 2–4 cm. long, deep glossy green on the outer face, and white on the inner faces; persisting for 10–15 years. Cones 6-11 cm. long, dark purple ripening red-brown, with soft, flexible scales each with central prickle.

Dimensions Height: 6-15 m. (20-50 ft.)
Diameter: 0.3-0.6 m (1-2 ft.).

Habitat Mountains.

Range California.

Discussion Closely related to the bristlecone pines, being classified in the same subsection Balfourianae; has been hybridised with the Great Basin Bristlecone Pine in cultivation, though no hybrids have ever been found in the wild.