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Engelmann Spruce Picea engelmannii

 


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Family: Pinaceae, Pine view all from this family



Description Medium-sized to large evergreen with dark blue green foliage, branches spreading horizontally and drooping. Bark thin gray to reddish brown, scaly, and flaking off in small circular plates 5-10 cm. across. Crown narrow, conic in young trees, becoming cylindric with age. Shoots buff-brown to orange-brown. Leaves needle-like, 15-30 mm. long, blue-green above with several thin lines of stomata, and blue-white below. Cones pendulous, slender cylindrical, 4-8 cm. long and 1.5 cm. broad closed, opening to 3 cm. broad. Thin, flexible scales 15-20 mm. long, with a wavy margin. Reddish to dark purple, maturing pale brown 4–7 months after pollination. Seeds black, 2-3 mm. long, with a slender, 5-8 mm. long pale brown wing.


Dimensions Height: 24-30 m. (80-100 ft.)
Diameter: 0.5-0.8 m. (1 1/2-2 1/2 ft.).


Habitat Canyons & valleys, Mountains.


Range Rocky Mountains, California, Western Canada, Northwest, Southwest.


Discussion Harvested for paper, general construction, and musical instruments. Also used Christmas trees.


 

 

 

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