Family: Talpidae, Moles view all from this family
Description Fleshy tail densely haired, constricted at base, and less than one quarter of total length. Stiff hairs on the snout, behind the eyes, and on the edge of the forefeet are thought to have a tactile function. Snout shorter than that of Eastern Mole, and lacking appendages of Star-nosed Mole. Fur grayish-brownish-black on back; paler and grayish on belly. Young of the year are grayer, with shorter pelage than adults. Tail, feet, and base of snout dark brown, becoming whiter with age.
Dimensions 151-173mm, 26-33mm, 41-63g
Similar Species Snout shorter than that of Eastern Mole, and lacking appendages of Star-nosed Mole
Breeding Mates in March-April, and produces a single litter of 4 or 5 young after gestation of 4-6 weeks. Young remain in nest for 4 weeks.
Habitat Scrub, shrub & brushlands, Meadows & fields, Forests & woodlands, Cities, suburbs & towns
Range Great Lakes, New England, Mid-Atlantic, Southeast, Eastern Canada
Discussion Maximum life span is 4 years, and degree of tooth wear can be used to age the animals. Ridges of near-surface tunnels are not as pronounced as those made by the Eastern Mole. Most abundant in light, sandy loams with good cover and sufficient moisture.