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Montezuma Baldcypress Taxodium mucronatum


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Alternate name: Mexican-cypress, Sabino

Family: Cupressaceae, Cypress view all from this family

Description Large aquatic semideciduous to evergreen tree. Crown broad, spreading. Bark reddish brown, furrowed, shredded. Branches horizontal with delicate weeping branchlets. Trunk massive, convoluted. Needles long, slender, spirally arranged, twisted at base 1–2 cm. (0.39–0.79 in.) long and 1–2 mm. (0.039–0.079 in.) wide. Cones ovoid, 1.5–2.5 cm. (0.59–0.98 in.) long and 1–2 cm. (0.39–0.79 in.) broad. Roots of trees growing in standing water often send up conical projections ("knees"). Trees that experience periodic drying out, such as those growing along stream courses, apparently do not form knees.

Dimensions Height: 15-30 m. (50-100 ft.)
Diameter: 0.9-1.8 m. (3-6 ft.).

Habitat Swamps (fresh & salt), Watersides (fresh).

Range Texas.

Discussion Ahuehuete became the national tree of Mexico in 1910. The tree is sacred to the native peoples of Mexico, and is featured in the Zapotec creation myth.
Used as ornamental trees since Pre-Columbian times. Planted along processional paths in gardens by Aztecs.