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Crown-vetch Coronilla varia


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credit: Carolannie/CCSA

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Alternate name: Purple Crown-vetch

Family: Fabaceae, Pea view all from this family

Description Habit: introduced perennial herb or vine; weak stems, upright to trailing stems to 6 ft (1.8 m) long; mat-forming.
Height: 12-24 in (30-60 cm).
Leaf: alternate, odd-pinnate, 2-6 in (5-15 cm) long; 7-25 leaflets, ovate to oblong, 0.4-1 in (1-3 cm).
Flower: pinkish-white to deep pink, to 0.5 in (12 mm) long; in long-stalked, spreading, crown-like cluster of 6-25 flowerheads, from leaf axil.
Fruit: thin linear pod, pointed, to 12 segments, to 2.5 in (6 cm) long; in crown-like cluster.

Warning This plant is reportedly poisonous to animals if ingested. Humans should generally avoid ingesting plants that are toxic to animals.

Flower May to September.

Habitat Open, well-drained sites: open woodlands, meadows, grasslands, savannas, and disturbed areas; also cultivated for erosion control, livestock forage,.

Range Native to the Mediterranean region; introduced in the mid-1800s, escaped and naturalized and Hawaii and throughout North America, except Alaska and northern Canada; not reported in North Dakota.

Discussion Also called purple crownvetch. The latin name Securigera varia is also used. Considered weedy or invasive in some areas.