Skip Navigation

Go
Species Search:
FieldGuidesthreatened and/or endangered search resultsthreatened and/or endangered

previous  | next

Crown-vetch Coronilla varia

 

enlarge +

Crown-vetch
credit: Carolannie/CCSA

All Images

     

Get Our Newsletters

 

Advanced Search

Alternate name: Purple Crown-vetch

Family: Fabaceae, Pea view all from this family



Description Habit: introduced perennial herb or vine; weak stems, upright to trailing stems to 6 ft (1.8 m) long; mat-forming.
Height: 12-24 in (30-60 cm).
Leaf: alternate, odd-pinnate, 2-6 in (5-15 cm) long; 7-25 leaflets, ovate to oblong, 0.4-1 in (1-3 cm).
Flower: pinkish-white to deep pink, to 0.5 in (12 mm) long; in long-stalked, spreading, crown-like cluster of 6-25 flowerheads, from leaf axil.
Fruit: thin linear pod, pointed, to 12 segments, to 2.5 in (6 cm) long; in crown-like cluster.


Warning This plant is reportedly poisonous to animals if ingested. Humans should generally avoid ingesting plants that are toxic to animals.


Flower May to September.


Habitat Open, well-drained sites: open woodlands, meadows, grasslands, savannas, and disturbed areas; also cultivated for erosion control, livestock forage,.


Range Native to the Mediterranean region; introduced in the mid-1800s, escaped and naturalized and Hawaii and throughout North America, except Alaska and northern Canada; not reported in North Dakota.


Discussion Also called purple crownvetch. The latin name Securigera varia is also used. Considered weedy or invasive in some areas.


 

 

 

2007 eNature.com