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White Trout Lily Erythronium albidum

 

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White Trout Lily
© Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

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Alternate name: Dogtooth violet

Family: Liliaceae, Lily view all from this family



Description A low, lily-like plant with elliptic basal leaves which may or may not be maroon-mottled. Sterile 1-leaved plants grow together with fertile 2-leaved plants. A white bell-shaped flower, 1-2 in. long, is borne on 6-12 in. stalk. Petals and sepals are often bent backwards exposing six brown stamens.


Flower February - April (in south); April (in north).


Flower February - April (in south); April (in north)


Habitat Low, deciduous woods; thickets; floodplains.


Range Southern Ontario to Minnesota and New York, south to Georgia and Texas.


Discussion Leaves make an attractive ground cover. Plants multiply rapidly by root offshoots and seed, but can require up to six years before blooming.


Comments Must be planted where it will receive ample sun in early spring. Leaves make an attractive ground cover. Plants multiply rapidly by root offshoots and seed, but can require up to six years before blooming. A leafy mulch in winter and spring is desireable. Clumps of plants that include many leaves and few flowers should be divided.


Exposure Preference Partial shade.


Native Distribution Southern Ontario to Minnesota, s. to n. Arkansas & Oklahoma


Site Preference Low, deciduous woods; thickets; floodplains


Soil Preference Deep, humus-rich loam; neutral soils


 

 

 

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