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Slender Glasswort Salicornia maritima


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Alternate name: Sea Saltwort

Family: Chenopodiaceae, Goosefoot view all from this family

Description This succulent salt marsh native appears to have no leaves, but the stems turn bright red in the fall.
Habit: native annual herb; succulent; erect (rarely prostrate), oppositely branched stems.
Height: 2-18 in (5-45 cm)
Leaf: tiny scales.
Flower: inconspicuous ball, greenish becoming red in seed, to 0.1 in (2.5 mm) diameter; in clusters of 3 flowerheads, held in leaf axils.

Flower August to November.

Habitat Upper levels of salt marshes and sides of channels on coast, very rarely in salt springs inland; to 500 ft (150 m).

Range Ontario east to Maine, New Brunswick and Newfoundland; and British Columbia.

Discussion Also known as slender glasswort, jointed glasswort, sea glasswort, slender grasswort, marsh samphire, purple pickleweed. Possibly extinct in Maine. This species is taxonomically confused. Some authors treat S. maritima as a synonym of S. europaea.