Alternate name: Trumpet Creeper
Family: Bignoniaceae, Trumpet Creeper view all from this family
Description Aggressive, fast-growing woody vine with attractive red flower.
Habit: native perennial vine; light brown bark; plentiful aerial rootholds; deciduous.
Height: to 30-40 ft (9-12 m) tall or wide
Leaf: opposite, pinnately compound, to 12 in (30 cm) long; with 7-13 leaflets, ovate, long-pointed, coarsely toothed; yellow-green in fall
Flower: tubular, trumpet-shaped, 5-parted, orange to red, 2.5-3.5 in (63-89 mm) long, 1.5 in (37 mm) wide; in terminal clusters of 4-12 flowerheads.
Fruit: ridged pod, 3-6 in (75-150 mm) long.
Warning The sap of this plant can cause skin irritation on contact.
Flower June to September.
Flower June - September
Habitat Moist woods, fence rows, roadsides, disturbed sites; widely cultivated as an ornamental.
Range Native to eastern North America, from New Jersey and Iowa, south to Florida and Texas; cultivated as an ornamental since colonial times; now naturalized north and west to Utah and Colorado, the Dakotas, Ontario, and New Hampshire; also found in California and Washington; not reported in Minnesota or Vermont.
Discussion Also known as trumpet creeper, common trumpet creeper, cow vine, cow-itch, hellvine, devil's shoestring. The latin names Bignonia radicans and Tecoma radicans are also in current use. Can be weedy or invasive in some areas, especially the South. Very attractive to hummingbirds.
Comments Fairly drought tolerant. Can become aggressive in favorable conditions, taking over by means of self- layering and root sprouts. Cut back branches to two buds in the winter to encourage bushier growth and more blooms. Blooms most in full sun. Useful in erosion control and for hiding back fences and old garages. Can be destructive to soft brick, aging mortar and stucco.
Exposure Preference Partial shade to sun.
Native Distribution Florida to Texas, n. to Pennsylvania & e. Kansas
Site Preference In trees of moist woods or along fence rows in old fields
Soil Preference Various well-drained soils. pH 6.1-7.5.
Wildlife Value Flowers attract hummingbirds.