Family: Anacardiaceae, Cashew view all from this family
Description Tall, long living tree with a broad crown radius. Leaves evergreen, alternate, simple. Orange-pink when young, rapidly changing to a dark glossy red, then dark green. Flowers produced in terminal panicles each small and white with five petals and a mild sweet odor suggestive of lily of the valley. Fruit takes three to six months to ripen. Seed contains the plant embryo. Pit single flat, oblong can be fibrous or hairy on the surface, and which does not separate easily from the pulp.
Dimensions Height: 35-40 m. (115-130 ft.)
Diameter: 10 m. (33 ft).
Warning Touching broken fruit skin may cause rash.
Habitat Cities, suburbs & towns, Fields.
Discussion National fruit of both India and Pakistan. Mentioned 4th century songs of Sanskrit poet, Kalidasa. Tasted by Alexander, and Chinese pilgrim, Hieun Tsang (7th century CE). Later in 16th century Mughal Emperor, Akbar planted 100,000 mango trees in Darbhanga, Bihar; now known as Lakhi Bagh. When first imported to the American colonies in the 17th century, mango had to be pickled due to lack of refrigeration.