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Plateau Oak Quercus fusiformis (Quercus virginiana var. fusiformis)

 

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Plateau Oak
© Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

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Alternate name: Escarpment Live Oak

Family: Fagaceae, Beech view all from this family



Description Plateau Oak or Escarpment Live Oak is a thicket-forming tree that is nearly identical in appearance to, and considered much hardier than, Q. virginiana. A short, tapering trunk supports picturesquely gnarled branches and limbs. These rise to a height of 20-40 ft. Evergreen leaves are leathery and unlobed. Unlike the acorns of Coastal Live Oak, this species' acorns are spindle-shaped.


Habitat Rocky, limestone hills and uplands.


Range C. and s. Texas.


Discussion More drought-tolerant and cold-hardy than the similar Q. virginiana. Susceptible to live oak wilt and live oak decline when stressed by drought.


Comments More drought-tolerant and cold-hardy than the similar Q. virginiana. Resistant to cotton root rot. Susceptible to live oak wilt and live oak decline when stressed by drought.


Exposure Preference Sun to partial sun.


Native Distribution C. & s. Texas


Site Preference Rocky, limestone hills & uplands


Soil Preference Rocky, limestone soils.


 

 

 

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