Skip Navigation

Species Search:
FieldGuidesthreatened and/or endangered search resultsthreatened and/or endangered

previous  | next

Subalpine Fir Abies lasiocarpa


Get Our Newsletters


Advanced Search

Family: Pinaceae, Pine view all from this family

Description Medium-sized tree coniferous evergreen, smallest of the eight species of fir native to western United States. Crown very narrow, conic. Branches dense, horizontal. Bark smooth, gray, with resin blisters, rough and fissured or scaly on old trees. Needles flat, 1.5 -3 cm. long, glaucous green above with a broad stripe, arranged spirally on the shoot, bases twisted arranged to the sides of shoot, few or none below the shoot. Cones erect, 6-12 cm. long, dark blackish-purple, ripening to brown, disintegrating to release the winged seeds.

Dimensions Height: 15-30 m. (50-100 ft.)
Diameter: 0.3-0.8 m. (1-2 1/2 ft.).

Habitat Mountains, Canyons & valleys.

Range Alaska, Northwest, Western Canada, Southwest, Rocky Mountains, California.

Discussion Used for general structural purposes and paper manufacture. It is also a popular Christmas tree. Corkbark Fir is a popular ornamental tree, grown for its strongly glaucous-blue foliage. Some Plateau Indian tribes drank or washed in a subalpine fir boil for purification or to make their hair grow.