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Apache Pine Pinus engelmannii


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Alternate name: Arizona Longleaf Pine

Family: Pinaceae, Pine view all from this family

Description Branches sparse, very stout, giving the tree a distinct appearance. Needles in bundles of three (occasionally five), 20-40 cm long, stout, and spreading, slightly drooping. Cones 8-16 cm long, green or purple when growing, maturing glossy brown, moderately oblique with stoutly spined scales on the outer side (facing away from the branch). Apache pine sometimes shows a grass stage like the related Michoacan Pine (P. devoniana) and also Longleaf Pine (P. palustris).

Dimensions Height: 20-30 m
Diameter: 35-80 cm.

Habitat Mountains.

Range Southwest.

Discussion English name refers to occurrence in lands of Apache Native Americans. Scientific name commemorates American botanist George Engelmann who discovered the species in 1848. Engelmann named the species Pinus macrophylla, but this name had already been used, species had to be re-named; this was done by the French botanist CarriĖre, who chose to honour Engelmann. Apache Pine sometimes treated as a variety of Ponderosa Pine(as P. ponderosa var. mayriana), now universally regarded as a distinct species.