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Sand Pine Pinus clausa


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Family: Pinaceae, Pine view all from this family

Description Small to medium small, narrow, evergreen conifer. Often shrubby; gnarled, leaning, or stunted. Crown dense, pointed or flat. Bark charcoal grey to reddish brown. Branc.) long. Cones in whorls, yellow brown, 4–8 cm. (1.6–3.1 in.) Scales long, prickled .

Dimensions Height: 9-21 m. (30-70 ft.)
Diameter: 0.3-0.5 m. (1-1 1/2 ft.).

Habitat Scrub, shrub & brushlands.

Range Southeast, Florida.

Discussion Over much of its range, it is fire-adapted to stand-replacing wildfires, with the cones remaining closed for many years until a natural forest fire kills the mature trees and opens the cones. These then reseed the burnt ground. Some populations differ in having cones that open at maturity, with seed dispersal not relying on fires. Pinus clausa (clausa = closed).