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Deodar Cedar Cedrus deodara


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Alternate name: Deodar, California Christmas-tree

Family: Pinaceae, Pine view all from this family

Description Large evergreen coniferous cedar, conic crown, level branches, drooping branchlets. Needles 2.5–5 cm. slender (1 mm. thick), borne singly on long shoots, dense clusters of 20-30 on short shoots; varying from bright green to glaucous blue-green in color. Female cones are barrel-shaped, 7–13 cm. long, 5–9 cm. broad, disintegrating to release the winged seeds. Male cones 4–6 cm. long, shedding pollen in autumn.

Dimensions Height: 24 m. (80 ft.)
Diameter: 0.9 m. (3 ft.).

Habitat Cities, suburbs & towns.

Range Northwest, California, Florida, Southwest, Texas, Southeast.

Discussion Name derives from the Sanskrit devadaru, meaning "wood of the gods", a compound of deva (god) and daru (wood). Wood is used building material because of its durability, rot-resistant character and fine, close grain, which is capable of taking a high polish. Its historical use to construct religious temples and as landscape around temples is well recorded. Its rot-resistant character also makes it an ideal wood for constructing the famous houseboats of Srinagar, Kashmir. In India, during the British colonial period, deodar wood was used extensively for construction of barracks, public buildings, bridges, canals and railway cars. Despite its durability it is not a strong timber, and its brittle nature makes it unsuitable for delicate work where strength is required, such as chair-making.