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Western Fence Lizard Sceloporus occidentalis

 

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Western Fence Lizard
credit: Walter Siegmund/CCSA

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Family: Phrynosomatidae, Earless and Horned Lizards view all from this family



Description Brown to black in color - Brown can range fro sandy to greenish - with wavy crossbars or blotches down the back with some striping. Scales are the same size all over body. Recognizable by the blue patches on the side of the stomach. Legs are yellow-orange underneath. Adult males have blue patches on their throats.


Dimensions Length: 6-9 1/4".


Subspecies The Northwestern Fence Lizard has 2 blue throat patches often with light-blue connecting band and a light belly found inc. Washington to c. California. Island Fence Lizard has a black throat patch and is only on Channel Islands off coast of s. California. San Joaquin Fence Lizard has 1 blue throat patch, a gray or black belly with blue patches and is only found in the lower San Joaquin Valley, California. Coast Range Fence Lizard has throat patches which are small in males & absent in females, from San Mateo to Santa Barbara County, California. Great Basin Fence Lizard has 1 large blue throat patch in males, a gray to black belly with blue patches and is found in c. Oregon and extreme se. Washington to c. Idaho south through e. California, Nevada, and w. Utah. Also c. California south along coast into n. Baja California. The Sierra Fence Lizards entire belly and throat is blue in adult males and is found in Sierra Nevada of California, usually above 7,000' (2,100 m).


Breeding Occurs in spring and do not breed until the spring of their second year. 1-3 cluthes of around 8 eggs are laid between April and July with the eggs hatching in August.


Habitat Grassland, woodland, forests and even farmland. Lives in areas up to the altitude of 10,000' above sea level. Generally avoids harsh desert landscape.


Range California is the heart of where this lizard is found. It can also be found in parts of Oregon through to Nevada northwestern Baja California.


Discussion California is the heart of where this lizard is found. It can also be found in parts of Oregon through to Nevada northwestern Baja California.


 

 

 

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