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Eastern Red-backed Salamander Plethodon cinereus


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Eastern Red-backed Salamander
credit: Brian.gratwicke

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Family: Plethodontidae, Lungless Salamanders view all from this family

Description 2 different types. "Red-backed" which has a red bordered stripe extending from head to tail, with stipe color varying from yellow to orangey/pink. "Lead-backed" has no stripe, is greyish in color. 19 Costal grooves.

Dimensions 6.4-12.7cm. (2 1/2-5")

Breeding Males and females typically establish separate feeding and/or mating territories underneath rocks and logs. Breeding occurs in June and July. Females produce from 4–17 eggs in a year. The eggs will hatch in 6–8 weeks.

Habitat Coniferous & hardwood forests. Up to 5,600' altitude.

Range Ontario through Quebec to North Carolina.

Discussion Terrestrial. Diet consists of small invertebrates. Stays underground in warm weather. At night it comes out and hunts.