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Red Hills Salamander Phaeognathus hubrichti


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Red Hills Salamander
© Emmett Blankenship/U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service

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Family: Plethodontidae, Lungless Salamanders view all from this family

Description Gray to brownish without markings, and its limbs are relatively short. 20-22 costal grooves.

Dimensions 10-25cm. (4-10")

Endangered Status The Red Hills Salamander is on the U.S. Endangered Species List. It is classified as threatened throughout its range in Alabama. This species lives only in a small region of southern Alabama between the Conecuh and Alabama Rivers. Much of its habitat is owned by paper companies, and their logging practices tend to make the habitat unsuitable for this salamander. Because of its limited distribution and low numbers, it is very vulnerable to disastrous population losses.

Breeding Spring. Breeds on land.

Habitat Burrows located on the slopes of moist, cool mesic ravines shaded by an overstory of predominately hardwood trees.

Range Red Hills in Alabama.

Discussion Rarely seen. Burrows underground near tree bases. Diet includes spiders & small insects.