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Tennessee Cave Salamander Gyrinophilus palleucus


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Tennessee Cave Salamander, Big Mouth subspecies
credit: Henk Wallays/CCSA

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Family: Plethodontidae, Lungless Salamanders view all from this family

Description Retains larval features. Red gills and large tail fin. Dark-brown with spots in color. 17-19 costal grooves.

Dimensions 10.2-22.7cm. (4-8 7/8")

Subspecies Pale Salamander - pinkish, no spotting. Cumberland Plateau through s. Tennessee & Alabama.
Big Mouth Cave Salamander - Heavily spotted purplish/brown. Big Mouth Cave, Tennessee.

Breeding Unknown.

Habitat Inland karsts and caves.

Range se. Tennesse through n. Alabama.

Discussion Young grow slowly. Retains larval features. Similar to Tennessee Cave Salamander which used to be thought as a subspecies.