Family: Plethodontidae, Lungless Salamanders view all from this family
Description 2 1/2-4 3/4" (6.4-12.1 cm). Yellowish to orange band, sometimes tinged with brown or green and often darkly speckled, runs down back. Band bordered on each side by dark-brown or black stripe running from each eye; back stripes broad, breaking up into dots on tail. Tail oval, keeled, compressed. Some males develop downward projections from nostrils. Costal grooves, 14-16.
Breeding A dozen to 100 eggs are laid on undersides of submerged rocks, logs, or aquatic plants; female may guard eggs. Larvae hatch at 1/2" (13 mm) and transform in 1-3 years at 1 3/4" (44 mm).
Habitat Rock-bottomed brooks, springs, seepages; damp forest floors at high elevations; to 6,000' (1,829 m).
Range Sw. Virginia to n. Georgia, in s. Blue Ridge Mountains.
Discussion This salamander and the Northern and Southern Two-lined Salamanders were formerly considered a single species.