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Blue Ridge Two-lined Salamander Eurycea wilderae (Eurycea bislineata wilderae)


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Blue Ridge Two-lined Salamander
credit: Joseph B. Lax-Salinas

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Family: Plethodontidae, Lungless Salamanders view all from this family

Description 2 1/2-4 3/4" (6.4-12.1 cm). Yellowish to orange band, sometimes tinged with brown or green and often darkly speckled, runs down back. Band bordered on each side by dark-brown or black stripe running from each eye; back stripes broad, breaking up into dots on tail. Tail oval, keeled, compressed. Some males develop downward projections from nostrils. Costal grooves, 14-16.

Breeding A dozen to 100 eggs are laid on undersides of submerged rocks, logs, or aquatic plants; female may guard eggs. Larvae hatch at 1/2" (13 mm) and transform in 1-3 years at 1 3/4" (44 mm).

Habitat Rock-bottomed brooks, springs, seepages; damp forest floors at high elevations; to 6,000' (1,829 m).

Range Sw. Virginia to n. Georgia, in s. Blue Ridge Mountains.

Discussion This salamander and the Northern and Southern Two-lined Salamanders were formerly considered a single species.