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Texas Blind Salamander Eurycea rathbuni (Typhlomolge rathbuni)


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Texas Blind Salamander
© Glenn Longley/U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service

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Family: Plethodontidae, Lungless Salamanders view all from this family

Description White with reddish gills. Retains larval features. Eyes are small black dots. 12 Costal grooves.

Dimensions 9.2-13.7cm. (3 5/8-5 3/8")

Endangered Status The Texas Blind Salamander is on the U.S. Endangered Species List. It is classifed as endangered in Texas. Species that live in extremely restricted habitats, as this one does, are in a critical position because changes to the habitat can easily bring the species close to extinction. Threats to the Texas Blind Salamander include the pumping of the aquifer to levels that could be too low for some of the salamander population. It is also possible that overpumping could cause poor-quality, possibly even saline water, to seep into the aquifer.

Breeding Captivity shows breeding is initiated by females.

Habitat Subterranean caves.

Range Edwards Plateau near San Marcos, Texas.

Discussion Ezell's cave is the only habitat for this salamander. Diet includes small shrimp and other small creatures that wash into the cave.