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Long-tailed Salamander Eurycea longicauda


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Long-tailed Salamander, Long-tailed subspecies
credit: Linda Weir

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Family: Plethodontidae, Lungless Salamanders view all from this family

Description Orange, yellow, and orange-red with random black spots. Western has dark sides with a yellowish band above. 13-14 costal grooves.

Dimensions 9.8-19.7cm. (3 7/8-7 3/4")

Subspecies Long-tailed Salamander with vertical black stripes on tail in New York & New Jersey.
Dark-sided Salamnder, with dark sides and light black band in range of Mississippi river.

Breeding October-March. Laid underground near water crevices or streams. Hatches after 6-8 weeks. Transforms after 3-7 months. Mature after 2 years.

Habitat Streamsides, cave mouths near water.

Range New York through Virginia and Alabama. Also Arkansas, Kansas & Oklahoma.

Discussion Ventures out at night to search for prey. Diet consists of small invertebrates. Long-tailed subspecies is easily found by markings on the tail.