Family: Plethodontidae, Lungless Salamanders view all from this family
Description Orange, yellow, and orange-red with random black spots. Western has dark sides with a yellowish band above. 13-14 costal grooves.
Dimensions 9.8-19.7cm. (3 7/8-7 3/4")
Subspecies Long-tailed Salamander with vertical black stripes on tail in New York & New Jersey.
Dark-sided Salamnder, with dark sides and light black band in range of Mississippi river.
Breeding October-March. Laid underground near water crevices or streams. Hatches after 6-8 weeks. Transforms after 3-7 months. Mature after 2 years.
Habitat Streamsides, cave mouths near water.
Range New York through Virginia and Alabama. Also Arkansas, Kansas & Oklahoma.
Discussion Ventures out at night to search for prey. Diet consists of small invertebrates. Long-tailed subspecies is easily found by markings on the tail.